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History Of Silk

Posted on March 25 2017

Did you know that silk has been around for over 5000 years? Silk is originally from China and was exclusively reserved for royalty. Its high demand created a trade route now known as the Silk Road which was about 4000 miles long going from Eastern China to the Mediterranean Sea. Silk was even more precious than gold so the East traded silk to the West, for gold, silver and wool.

It is said that sericulture (silk production) was kept a secret in China for over 30 centuries. Other countries have since then become important silk producers. As of 2014, the six largest silk producing countries are China (~82%), India (~16%), Uzbekistan (~0.6%), Thailand (~0.4%), Brazil (~0.3%) and Vietnam (~0.2%).

Silk facts:

  • Silk represents less than 0.2% of the global textile market.
  • Silk is one of the strongest natural fibers known to man.
  • The unit price of raw silk is roughly twenty times the price of raw cotton.
  • Silk is highly moisture absorbent. It can absorb up to a third of its own weight in moisture without feeling damp.
  • Annually, silk production represents 70 billion miles of silk filament.
  • 1 silk cocoon = 1 km of silk filament.
  • 1 kimono = 2000 cocoons
  • 1 pound of silk = 2000 to 3000 cocoons
  • Silk has a beautiful shine due to the fiber's triangular prism like structure which sends out incoming light at different angles
  • Silk's natural color is creamy white. Although the silk's color may vary according to the silkworm's diet can.

 

Source: Elosa

 

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